Câu bị động là một trong những ngữ pháp căn bản nhất thuộc chương trình tiếng Anh cấp THPT. Hãy cùng Kênh tuyển sinh làm bài tập để nhớ kĩ lý thuyết nhé!
1. Bài tập 1
1.1. Viết lại các câu sau dưới dạng bị động
1. Mary types letters in the office.
2. His father will help you tomorrow.
3. Science and technology have completely changed human life.
4. Peter broke this bottle.
5. They are learning English in the room.
6. Nothing can change my mind.
7. No one had told me about it.
8. I don’t know her telephone number
9. My students will bring the children home.
10. They sent me a present last week.
Bài tập luyện nhớ kiến thức về câu bị động
11. She gave us more information.
12. The chief engineer was instructing all the workers of the plan.
13. They can’t make tea with cold water.
14. Somebody has taken some of my books away.
15. They will hold the meeting before May Day.
16. They have to repair the engine of the car.
17. The boys broke the window and took away some pictures.
18. People spend a lot of money on advertising every day.
19. Teacher is going to tell a story.
20. Mary is cutting a cake with a sharp knife.
21. The children looked at the woman with a red hat.
22. They have provided the victims with food and clothing.
23. People speak English in almost every corner of the world.
24. You mustn’t use this machine after 5:30 p.m.
25. After class, one of the students always erases the chalk board.
1.2. Đáp án
1. Letters are typed in the office by Mary.
2. You’ll be helped by his father tomorrow.
3. The human life has completely been changed with science and technology.
4. This bottle was broken by Peter.
5. English is being learnt in the room.
6. My mind can’t be changed.
7. I hadn’t been told about it.
8. Her telephone number isn’t known.
9. The children will be brought home by my students.
10. I was sent a present last week.
11. We were given more information.
12. All the workers of the plan were being instructed by the chief engineer.
13. Tea can’t be made with cold water.
14. Some of my books have been taken away.
15. The meeting will be held before May Day.
16. The engine of the car has to be repaired.
17. The window was broken and some pictures were taken away by the boys.
18. A lot of money is spent on advertising every day.
19. A story is going to be told by teacher.
20. A cake is being cut with a sharp knife by Mary.
21. The woman with a red hat was looked at by the children.
22. The victims have been provided with food and clothing.
23. English is spoken in almost every corner of the world.
24. This machine mustn’t be used after 5:30 p.m.
25. After class, the chalk board is always erased by one of the students.
2. Bài tập 2
2.1. Chuyển các câu sau sang dạng bị động
1. They told me that you were the best architect in this city.
2. She reported that the flowers were killed by frost.
3. Some people inform me that the director is going to take a business trip to England.
4. That officer announced that the meeting was delayed until next week.
5. He discovered that this cotton was grown in Egypt.
6. They promise that the performance will start on time.
7. He recommends that we should stay at the city center.
8. We believed that Alice would pass the driving test.
9. The director notifies all the workers that they will have to work extra hard this month.
10. They have persuaded me that they will go with me to the stadium.
11. They have decided that the company will go to the beach together at the weekend.
12. People think that Maradona is the best football player in the 20th century.
13. They find that the job is not suitable for a girl like her.
14. The teacher explained that this powerful engine pulled the train.
15. He told me that his football team had played well last season.
2.2. Đáp án
1. I was told that you were the architect in this city.
2. It was reported that the flowers were killed by frost./ The flowers were reported to be killed by frost.
3. I am informed that the director is going to take a business trip to England.
4. It was announced that the meeting was delayed until next week.
5. It was discovered that this cotton was grown in Egypt.
6. It is promised that the performance will start on time.
7. It is recommended that we should stay at the city center.
8. It was believed that Alice would pass the driving test./ Alice was believed to pass the driving test.
9. All the workers are notified that they will have to work extra hard this month.
10. I have been persuaded that they will go with me to the stadium.
11. It has been decided that the company will go to the beach together at the weekend.
12. It is thought that Maradona is the best football player in the 20th century./ Maradona is thought to be the best football player in the 20th century.
13. It is found that the job is not suitable for a girl like her./ The job is found to be not suitable for a girl like her.
14. It was explained that this powerful engine pulled the train.
15. I was told that his football team had played well last season.
3. Bài tập 3
3.1. Chuyển các câu sau sang dạng bị động
1. I had my nephew paint the gate last week.
2. She will have Peter wash her car tomorrow.
3. They have her tell the story again.
4. John gets his sister to clean his shirt.
5. Anne had had a friend type her composition.
6. Rick will have a barber cut his hair.
7. I will get the dressmaker to make a new dress.
8. He had a mechanic repair his car.
9. She often gets the technician to maintain the heater.
10. They had the police arrest the shoplifter.
11. Are you going to have the shoemaker repair your shoes?
12. I must have the dentist check my teeth.
13. She will have a veterinary surgeon examine her dog.
14. We had a man take this photograph when we were on holiday last summer.
15. The Greens had a carpet cleaner clean their carpet.
3.2. Đáp án
1. I had the gate painted last week.
2. She will have her car washed tomorrow.
3. They have the story told again.
4. John gets his shirt cleaned.
5. Anne has had her composition typed.
6. Rick will have his hair cut.
7. I will get a new dress made.
8. He had his car repaired.
9. She often gets the heater maintained.
10. They had the shoplifter arrested.
11. Are you going to have your shoes repaired?
12. I must have my teeth checked.
13. She will have her dog examined.
14. We had this photograph taken when we were on holiday last summer.
15. The Greens had their carpet cleaned.
4. Bài tập 4
4.1. Tìm lỗi sai và sửa lại chúng
1. Five suspects (A) have be (B) arrested (C) by the (D) police.
2. He was ordered (A) by the (B) doctor to (C) take an (D) long rest.
3. A (A) dancing class (B) was start (C) last week (D).
4. He were found (A) in the (B) forest by (C) the (D) police.
5. A (A) car is (B) going to been (C) bought (D) tomorrow.
6. These drugs are (A) be (B) destroyed (C) by police (D).
7. I'm from (A) Russia and (B) my family born (C) there (D).
4.2. Đáp án
1 - B (be thành been) ;
2 - D (an thành a) ;
3 - C (start thành started) ;
4 - A (were found thành was found) ;
5 - C (been thành be) ;
6 - A (are thành will) ;
7 - C (born thành was born)
5. Bài tập 5
5.1. Chọn đáp án đúng
1. My room _________________________ in the house by her now.
A. is being cleaned
B. are being cleaned
C. will be cleaned
D. would be cleaned
2. Tom ___________________________ by Mary since 10 o'clock.
A. has operated
B. have been operated
C. has been operated
D. All are wrong.
3. Someone __________________ to take his place.
A. must be find
B. might be find
C. should be finds
D. must be found
4. 20 demonstrators ________________________ by the police.
A. was arrested
B. were arrested
C. was arresting
D. A & B
5. That book ______________________ by Tom yesterday.
A. were bought
C. A & B
D. was bought
6. Much of the city ______________________ by fire in the 17th century.
A. was destroyed
B. is destroyed
C. are destroyed
D. were destroyed
7. Work _________________________ by the teacher.
A. are being watched
B. was being watched
C. is being watched
D. B & C
8. My house __________________ red and blue.
A. are painted
B. is painted
C. was painted
D. All are wrong.
9. The grain _________________ to the factory, where it _______________ and ____________________.
A. are taken / cleaned / is checked
B. is taken / is cleaned / is checked
C. was taken / was cleaned / was checked
D. is taken / is cleaned / checked
10. Jag Niwas _______________________ by Prince Maharana Jagat Singh II.
A. were built
B. are built
C. was built
D. is built
11. The wall _______________________ before you paint it.
A. must be cleaned
B. should cleaned
C. might been cleaned
D. No answer is right
12. The Garden of Clear Ripples ___________________ by The Qing Emperor Quinlong in the middle of the 16th century.
B. was designed
C. were designed
D. B & C
13. This computer _________________________ to use
A. will be continued
B. would continued
C. should continue
D. must continues
14. A lot of food _____________________ these days.
A. are thrown
B. were thrown
C. is thrown
D. was thrown
5.2. Đáp án
1 - A ; 2 - C ; 3 - D ; 4 - B ; 5 - D ; 6 - D ; 7 - C ; 8 - C ; 9 - D ; 10 - C ; 11 - A ; 12 - B ; 13 - A ; 14 - C
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